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What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

What is Periodontal (gum) Disease?

Periodontal (gum) disease, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious inflammatory disorders that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. The word periodontal literally means "around the tooth." Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless biofilm that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed.

In some cases, the bacteria and/or toxins from this disease can travel to other areas of the body via the bloodstream, aggravating, studies strongly suggest, medical conditions such as heart disease and diabetes.

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated.


Please contact our office if you have questions or concerns about periodontal disease, periodontal treatment, or dental implants.